Today, the cloud is the most effective solution for implementing services and applications across all business types. Despite this, there is still the fear that the cloud is more expensive than traditional data centers on-premises, in addition to many unknowns or myths that have been created around it. The best way to be clear about the existing myths is to know in detail each of the points separately to identify the particularities in each case for implementing a cloud solution.
Searching the web for information on the subject, there is an infinite amount of information on possible aspects that do not make implementing a cloud solution viable. These points are based on assumptions or premises without a clear foundation, which, when analyzed in depth, can change the considerations that are held. Among the different myths, we can consider the following:
There is a perception that cloud costs are expensive and that the monthly bill exceeds the estimates considered at the beginning of the project. This myth is the main one when considering whether or not to migrate to the cloud. This point cannot be taken lightly, and it is necessary to evaluate the different aspects to be considered.
Among the main considerations in this regard are:
- The pricing structure in the cloud is pay-per-use, so the less it is used, the lower the cost will be; there is a perception that in case of greater use, the cost will be higher, which may be true, but at this point enters the economies of scale (This point is described below).
- It should be considered that no payment is made in advance, but this is distributed according to the use that is made, taking into account that if a minimum amount of resources is reserved, it can help in the final saving of the invoice.
- The payment for using more resources may be lower due to economies of scale, where the use of global resources can help to reduce the cost of these because as demand increases, their costs are reduced, so the more resources/services are used, and the more companies use the cloud, the lower the value to be paid. This consideration applies to long-term procurements, where large-scale cost reductions can be evidenced.
- The company’s capital expenditures or acquisitions of physical assets (CAPEX) are modified to operating expenses (OPEX), where operational activities can be tied to the cost offered by the cloud service, which can help reduce operating costs.
- The business process costs decrease as there is no need for physical space in the company’s facilities or a third party’s contract for this exclusive task, the cost of maintenance is minimal, and there is no need to purchase equipment.
Re-think the solution
In order to get the most out of the cloud, the solutions to be migrated are oriented to cloud or hybrid architectures, making the most of the features offered in the cloud, so consider the modifications on the applications used. This point should be considered as a way to optimize the architecture and administration and not only as a reengineering task that will make the solution more complex.
For the migration of solutions to the cloud, it is necessary to consider the impact and current legislation in each country and to understand the particular characteristics of the companies, taking into account whether they are privately owned, public and/or mixed, considering the different restrictions and particularities that will have on the management of information, which allows compliance with the particular regulatory framework (In some countries it is illegal to take public administration data to the cloud, or it is necessary that they are in a particular location within the country).
In addition to the aforementioned issues regarding information restrictions, for public companies, there is an impediment with “pay-per-use” contracting, considering that a budget established during the fiscal year must be fully executed, always maintaining the value requested at the beginning. This issue is key because when acquiring a cloud solution, the month-to-month payment may vary, and there are no procedures for executing this budget distribution in the best possible way.
The legal issue is a reality, but in the cloud, there are many tools and compliance documents that help certify the proper, safe, and complete use of information, allowing us to optimize the security provided to the data. It can also be understood that the public administration already pays for services per use, as can be done with issues related to water, electricity, advertising and others, without interfering with the budget allocated for these purposes from the beginning.
Another of the main myths in the cloud is the security and access to the information, considering that the provider that offers the different services will have absolute access to the data without any particular restriction; this consideration is based on the fact that the data stored in the cloud are of public access, believing that referring to the public cloud, means that anyone who wants to can know the information deposited in it.
It is important to clarify that access to the information is exclusive to the client and is based on shared responsibility with the provider. Additionally, it is necessary to define clear access policies and comply with applicable regulations. It is not true that the provider can transform the uploaded data, considering that regulations, including the ISO, ensure the information in the cloud and clauses of the signed contract.
Integration or complexity of use
There is a perception that integration with cloud systems is much more complex leading to a considerable increase in costs. If we go into detail and assess whether the application is in adequate conditions, ensuring that the data are not isolated and providing integration tools where communication must be done by API, the situation will ultimately have the same particularities whether it is on premises or in the cloud. The key difference lies in the cloud’s abundance of services and tools that can be utilized to solve the issue. An issue that should be clear is the access to the cloud networks that helps to restrict access at all levels, so the perception of complexity may be given by this point.
Only large enterprises need the cloud
This is a basic myth rooted in people’s perception, where they believe that only large companies migrate to the cloud and that small companies do not need to migrate. It should be considered that the cloud is suitable for all companies of all sizes, offering both monetary and technology-oriented benefits. Both large and small companies can leverage the services provided.
Contrary to the myths discussed above, there is a misconception that being in the cloud means 100% dependence on the service provider, known as Vendor Lock-In. This term refers to the perception that migrating to other competing ones becomes impossible once a product or service is adopted. While there is a degree of dependency, it’s not absolute, and various providers offer flexibility, allowing businesses to move from one provider to another.
These are some of the fears and myths about cloud migration. It is advisable to document your needs, understand your goals, and validate whether your application can migrate to the cloud. Venture and try, as the cloud can offer numerous benefits when implemented thoughtfully.